Diabetic Diet for diabetes patients is simply a balanced healthy diet, which is vital for diabetes treatment, however, a lot of people have the misconception that these diets consist of only diabetic foods.
The regulation of blood sugar in non-diabetics patients automatically adjusts to whatever food is eaten.
But, for the diabetic extra caution is needed to balance food intake with exercise insulin injections and much other glucose altering activity (more information on List of food a diabetic can eat).
This helps diabetic patients to maintain the desired weight and control their glucose level in their blood.
It also helps to prevent diabetes patients from heart and blood vessel-related diseases.
As per Research investigation regardless of the makeup of the diet eating just enough calories to maintain an ideal weight is the most effective dietary strategy to prevent the onset of a diabetic. (more on Diabetic Cook Book)
Recommendations of diabetic diet differ from person to person, based on their nutritional needs, lifestyle, and the action and timing of medications.
For example, diet for type 1 diabetic must be a focus on matching food that intakes to insulin whereby one needs to know when insulin peaks and how fast the body metabolizes different types of foods.
In Type 2 diabetes should be a concern for weight loss so that the body’s ability to use insulin can be improved it does produce.
Thus, learning about the basics of food nutrition will be able to help in adjusting diet to suit a particular condition.
Whether it is Type I, Type II diabetes or gestational diabetes, the goals of achieving control of blood glucose levels are similar to keep blood glucose as near as possible to that of a person without diabetes.
The following table shows the desirable blood sugar level supply by The American Diabetes Association.
Blood Glucose Goals – Desirable
Blood Sugar Levels
Time of Test Person without diabetes Person with diabetes
Before meals Less than 115 mg/dl 80 to 120 mg/dl
Before bedtime Less than 120 mg/dl 100 to 140 mg/dl
- Recommended daily food portion:
Daily calories count : carbohydrates – 50% to 60%
protein – 12% to 20%
fat – not more than 30%
- Spacing meal throughout the day, help a person avoid extremely high
or low blood glucose levels.
- Diet is undertaken with the supervision of a doctor.
- Intake of food which helps lower blood cholesterol.
- Use Exchange lists in planning a diabetic diet.
Diabetic Food List
Registered Dietitian assesses the nutritional needs of a person with diabetes
and calculates the amounts of carbohydrate, fat, protein, and total calories
needed per day. He will then convert this information into recommending the
list of food a diabetic can eat in the daily diet.
Recommended daily food portion:
Daily calories count :
Carbohydrates – 50% to 60%
Protein – 12% to 20%
Fat– not more than 30% (with no more than 10
percent from saturated fats)
Recommended Diabetic Food
- Low Glycemic Index – doesn’t create rapid peaks and troughs in blood glucose levels.
- Complex high-fiber carbohydrates– Scientific evidence suggests that dietary fiber high in diabetes is protective against diabetes,
slowing digestion and absorption of carbohydrates, as well as fiber capable of increasing the sensitivity of tissues to insulin,
Due to which the increase in blood sugar can be stopped. It is advisable to restrict the intake of refined carbohydrates and avoid high-fat foods.
Example: Fruits, vegetables, Oats, whole grain products, legumes, dried beans, peas, lentils, cereals.
- Alpha-lipoic acid – Is a vitamin-like an antioxidant that enhances the glucose uptake and help to improves diabetes nerves damage of diabetes patient.
- Omega 3 – Omega 3 protects against the hardening of arteries Example cold water fish names like mackerel, salmon, herring, tuna.
- Omega 6 fatty acid – Which is Protect against the development of diabetic neuropathy.
Example: Blackcurrant oil, primrose oil, borage oil
- Artificial sweeteners – such as aspartame and saccharin.
Restricted and to avoid :
- Refined and simple carbohydrates – such as sucrose, glucose or fructose, white rice, white bread, table sugar, sweets, honey, corn syrup.
- High-fat food.
- Alcohol – Higher quantities of alcohol can cause health problems like liver damage, stroke, High blood pressure, and increase the risk of heart disease.
- High sodium food – such as salty fish.
are some of the nutrition terminologies :
- Diabetic Food Pyramid Guide
- Diabetic Symptoms
- Diet Exchange
- Nutrition Label
- Glycemic Index
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